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Home Info Articles Carfax© glossary

Carfax© glossary

See also the "Vehicle History Report" article

Term Description
AbandonedAny vehicle, trailer or semi-trailer of a type subject to registration, whether lost, stolen, abandoned or otherwise unclaimed, which has been abandoned on a public highway, public property or elsewhere within the state, including private property.
Accident DataAccidents are reported by state agencies, police departments and other sources and varies from state to state. It is recommended to have pre-owned vehicles inspected by a third party prior to purchase.
AssembledThe vehicle has been reported as being assembled by a non-manufacturer. The vehicle may have been adjusted or built from a kit.
AssignmentThe transfer of a property claim, property right, or property interest from one person or entity to
Auction Announced as Broken Odometer A wholesale Auto Auction has reported that the odometer is not functioning properly or no longer accurately records the distance that the car has traveled.
Auction Announced as Exceeds Mechanical LimitsA wholesale Auto Auction has reported that the actual mileage/kilometers is greater than the odometer allows to be recorded. This commonly occurs with vehicles that have five-digit odometers that have exceeded 99,999 miles. Auction Announced as Exempt A wholesale Auto Auction has reported the vehicle exempt from normal or mandatory odometer laws.
Auction Announced as Fleet/LeaseA wholesale Auto Auction has reported the vehicle as a fleet or leased vehicle. Fleet and leased vehicles are often in good condition. Fleet companies have vehicle care guidelines. A vehicle used by a company for an executive is an example of a fleet vehicle.
Auction Announced as Flood DamageA wholesale Auto Auction has reported that a flood has damaged the vehicle. The vehicle was involved in a flood or may have endured water damage.
Auction Announced as Frame Damage A wholesale Auto Auction has reported that the vehicle has frame damage, which can weaken the structure of the vehicle.
Auction Announced as Grey Market A wholesale Auto Auction has reported that the vehicle was manufactured in another country and may not meet U.S. safety and/or environmental standards.
Auction Announced as Manufacturer Buyback/Lemon A wholesale Auto Auction has reported that the manufacturer repurchased the vehicle or the vehicle may have ongoing mechanical or drivability problems
Auction Announced as Municipal Use A wholesale Auto Auction has reported that a federal, state or local government agency previously used the vehicle.
Auction Announced as Not Actual Miles A wholesale Auto Auction has reported that the actual mileage is different than the odometer reading.
Auction Announced as Odometer Rollback A wholesale Auto Auction has reported a possible odometer rollback. This means the odometer has been tampered with or adjusted.
Auction Announced as Odometer Rollover A wholesale Auto Auction has reported a possible odometer rollover. This commonly occurs with vehicles that have five-digit odometers that have exceeded 99,999 miles.
Auction Announced as Repaired/Replaced Odometer A wholesale Auto Auction has reported that the odometer has been repaired or replaced.
Auction Announced as RepossessedA wholesale Auto Auction has reported that the lien holder has repossessed the vehicle.
Auction Announced as True Mileage UnknownA wholesale Auto Auction has reported that the vehicle's actual mileage is unknown.
Brands or BrandedWords or symbols on the vehicle's official title issued by the state DMV that signify the vehicle's status or condition. Examples of brands include, junked, salvaged, lemon, rebuilt or reconstructed vehicles; flood, hail, or fire damaged vehicles; totaled vehicles; vehicles with odometers that have been rolled back or exceed mechanical limits; stolen or abandoned vehicles.
Bond Released Monetary bond that was required by a government agency was returned to the owner or importer.
Bonded The vehicle required posting of a bond in order to register or place a title on the vehicle
Canadian Renewal Vehicle had registration renewal event reported by Canadian DMV.
Commercial The vehicle was registered and used for business purposes (such as a delivery truck, taxi or car rental).
Corrected Title The State DMV has issued a corrected title for the vehicle.
Damaged The vehicle has sustained significant damage to the body and/or mechanical components. Damage Disclosure This brand was issued because the vehicle's seller indicated the vehicle was damaged
Dealer Plates The vehicle has a license plate registered to an auto dealer.
Driver Education The vehicle has been used to train individuals to develop driving skills.
Duplicate Title The vehicle had a duplicate title issued by the DMV.
Emission/Safety Inspection An approved emission testing station has inspected the vehicle to measure the amount of pollutants the vehicle emits into the environment.
Exceeds Mechanical Limits The actual mileage/kilometers are greater than the odometer allows to be recorded.
Excluded / ExemptVehicle is generally exempt from normal/mandatory odometer law for the following reasons:
Federal Government The United States federal government used the vehicle.
Grey Market The vehicle was imported into the country and may not meet U.S. safety and/or environmental standards.
Gross Weight Exemption The vehicle has been exempted from the odometer law after exceeding a certain gross weight.
Hail Damage The vehicle was damaged significantly by hail.
High-speed Crash Test Vehicle Vehicle was subjected to a crash test at relatively high speeds and vehicle could have sustained significant damage.
Independent Inspection The vehicle was inspected by an independent agency other than a state DMV.
Independent Inspection/Theft Deterrent Equipped The vehicle has been inspected by an independent agency other than the state DMV and found to be equipped with an anti-theft device
Insurance LossThis vehicle suffered an insurance loss due to theft or accident.
Junk The vehicle's parts have been salvaged for reuse and the remainder of the vehicle has been destroyed or scrapped. This vehicle has been declared a total loss, is not road worthy and should not be titled again for use on the road.
LeaseVehicle was registered as lease vehicle.
LemonIf after a reasonable amount of attempts the authorized dealer is unable to conform a new vehicle to any of its applicable express warranties, the manufacturer shall either provide its customer with a new vehicle of a like model line, if available, or otherwise comparable vehicle as a replacement, or accept the return of the vehicle from its customer and refund to its customer the purchase price paid for the vehicle less a reasonable allowance for use of the vehicle. Lemon laws vary in the states that have enacted them. Lemon laws may not exist in all states.
LienA lien is the legal right to take and hold or sell the vehicle of a debtor as security or payment for a debt. Normally, a vehicle will have a lien due to a loan or unpaid repair bill against the vehicle.
Livery UseThe vehicle has been used "for hire" to transport people.
Local Government The vehicle has been used by a local government agency.
Major Damage IncidentThe vehicle has had a major damage incident reported by an independent source.
Manufacturer BuybackThe manufacturer has repurchased the vehicle.
Mileage DiscrepancyThere has been an error in a current or previous odometer reading.
Motor ChangeThe vehicle has had its original motor replaced.
Municipal UseThe vehicle was used or owned by a federal, state or local government agency.
NHTSA Crash Test VehicleThe vehicle was used for NHTSA crash testing to measure the safety of the vehicle and its passengers.
Non ComplianceThe vehicle does not meet governmental vehicle requirements revolving around safety and/or environmental standards.
Non ProfitThe vehicle was registered to a "not for profit" entity.
Not Actual Miles The actual mileage on the vehicle is reported to be different than the odometer reading.
Odometer ProblemThe vehicle has odometer-related problems. These may include discrepancies such as not actual miles, a broken odometer, exceeding a vehicle's mechanical limits, a mileage discrepancy, or suspect miles.
Odometer Rollback EvidenceThe odometer mileage reported to the DMV on a given date was less than the mileage previously reported. This is an indication of an "Odometer Rollback."
Previous DamageThe vehicle was previously reported as damaged.
Rebuilt/RebuildableThe vehicle was a salvaged vehicle that was refurbished with new or used parts. An affidavit of repair from the rebuilder or individual making the repairs, stating what repairs were made to the vehicle and that the vehicle is now rebuilt and road operable, may be required to obtain a rebuilt/rebuildable title. These vehicles must also pass a state safety inspection before being allowed back on the road.
ReconditionedRepair or renovation has restored the vehicle.
Reconstructed Reconstructed vehicles lose all identity as to make and model and do not carry the original make, year, and VIN. They usually have been reconstructed from various vehicles.
RecycledVehicle was reported as scrapped or major components removed by a recycling facility.
Registration/RenewalThe vehicle had a registration renewal event reported by a state DMV.
Rental/FleetThe vehicle is or was operated as a rental vehicle, or has been assigned to a pool of vehicles usually owned/leased and operated by a rental or fleet company.
Reported at Auto AuctionThe vehicle's odometer reading has been reported from an Auto Auction.
RepossessedThe creditors or lessors have invoked legal authority to seize the vehicle due to default on a loan or lease.
SalvageA salvage vehicle is a vehicle that has been wrecked or damaged beyond repair; declared a total loss by the insurer; or declared a total loss by reason of theft. When an insurance company as a result of a total loss settlement acquires a vehicle, the insurance company must apply for a Salvage Certificate. If the owner retains possession of a salvage vehicle, the owner must obtain a Salvage Certificate before receiving a total loss statement from the insurance company.
Salvage AuctionAn auction has reported the vehicle as a salvaged vehicle. The extent of damage is unknown, and the vehicle may or may not be severely damaged.
Salvage Correction from DMVThe state has corrected a title that was previously branded as "salvage".
Scrapped/DestroyedThe vehicle has been reclaimed for its metal content.
Service Contract IssuedAn independent service contract company has issued a service contact on the vehicle.
Special ConstructedThe vehicle was altered from the manufacturer's original design.
Suspect MilesThe state or other authorized officials have identified that the vehicle's mileage is suspect due to odometer tampering or other incidents.
TheftThe vehicle was stolen from its legal owner.
Theft Insurance ClaimAn insurance claim was filed because the vehicle was stolen.
Theft RecoveredThe vehicle was previously reported as stolen and has been recovered.
Water DamageAny vehicle Title issued to an insurance company due to payment of a claim for flood damage sustained. If issued to a licensed rebuilder, who possesses or acquires a vehicle that is designated as, or for which evidence or information of a "flood vehicle" has been provided, the vehicle is considered a salvage vehicle and designated on an Application for Salvage Certificate in an insurance company or licensee's name.

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